Acne

Acne

Acne

Acne

Acne



Acne, also known as zits, pimples or Acne Vulgaris is a very common inflammatory skin disease caused by clogging of the hair follicles under the skin. It usually affects teenagers and young adults although older people can also develop acne, especially women during pregnancy. It is characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), Nodules (large papules) and possibly scarring.

Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles; these areas include the face, the upper part of the chest, and the back. Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in non-inflammatory forms. It is not serious or life-threatening condition but it can cause scars that can be hard for removal. Those scars can sometimes cause social problems and psychological stress (even depression) especially in young females. It is not contagious and cannot be spread to other people.

There are several things that can make acne symptoms worse such as menstrual periods, contraceptive pills containing hormones, usage of anabolic steroids, touching and squashing the pimples, emotional stress, exposure to chemicals such as oils and grease or either too much usage of oily cosmetics.

There are many myths about what causes acne but none of them has been scientifically approved. Those myths are usually related to diet and bad hygiene. Anyway, the real cause of this disorder may only be related to hormonal changes and sensitivity to male sex hormone testosterone. The tendency to develop acne runs in families. For example, school aged boys with acne often have other members in their family with acne.

Treatment methods usually include medicines and creams. Local treatments that can be applied directly to the skin most commonly include azelaic acid and benzoyl peroxide based creams. More serious forms of acne may require antibiotics and/or hormonal treatments.

Procedures such as phototherapy (light exposure has long been used as a short-term treatment for acne) or dermabrasion (a cosmetic medical procedure in which the surface of the skin is removed by abrasion) are used for treating both acne and removing scars left behind by. For people with cystic acne, boils can be drained through surgical lancing. Those methods are usually very expensive and sometimes scars cannot be removed completely.